♦ Different types of golf course
♦ Types of rough
♦ Different shots for different situations
Wedge Shots for different courses
Types of course
There are various types of Golf courses, but 2 of the most popular are Links and Parkland. The main difference between Links and Parkland courses are that Links courses are natural, and normally found around the coastline. There are very few trees, and a lack of man-made features such as bunkers or water hazards. But there are far more blind shots, and they are far more open to the elements. The fairways are rougher, and far more undulating. The ground is much harder, so the ball rolls much further on the fairways. For these reasons, it demands a different type of short shot, and therefore a different type of wedge.
Types of Rough
Courses with short tough rough surrounding the greens require a Sand wedge. This has a heavier club-head, in order to get through the tough grass. On Parkland courses with normal rough either side of fairway, if the rough is too deep to use a normal iron or rescue wood, then a pitching wedge is the wedge of choice. Unkempt areas of rough combined with gorse and tough elements as found on heathland courses would probably require an approach wedge, which has a little more loft.
Heather, because of its wiry nature, tends to wrap around the neck of the club, which in turn closes the club face. For this reason the best option is using an open faced pitching wedge. Alternatively use a lob wedge, with a square club face. This shot demands a steep attack in order to get the ball out cleanly, and stop the heather wrapping itself around the hosel of the club.
Thin long wispy grass as found on Links courses tends to wrap around the hosel of the club, and turn the head inwards (ie. closed on impact). An open faced pitching wedge, or square faced lob wedge is the answer. When using either of these clubs in this instance you would need a steep attack to get the ball out cleanly.
On Links courses the grass is shorter, and the ground much harder than Parkland. therefore it is far more difficult for the amateur to play high shots, due to the bounce. The more common shot used on these courses would be “pitch & run” shots, low to the ground, with a pitching wedge.
On Parkland courses, there is more grass, and in general softer ground conditions, which are far more forgiving, allowing the player to get the club under the ball & into the air. A club with more bounce is required, normally a sand wedge or lob wedge.
Heathland courses have a lot of heather, and large areas of long, thick grass combined with all sorts of different grasses, which grow in clumps, and are extremely dense. Pitching wedges and lob wedges are the wedges of choice on this type of course, in order to return the ball to the fairway safely.